In age of #ISIS, will you lose web freedoms of #ArabSpring #Egypt #25jan

0 التعليقات

The 5 Year`s Anniversary of Egypt’s Revolution 


"If you want to liberate a society, just give them the Internet,"


Fast forward five years to today: Many Egyptian revolutionaries are in jail, and in many ways, our romance with social media and revolution has soured. The Internet remains a powerful tool for people fighting for social justice and human rights around the world, but we've witnessed the extent to which it also can be powerful in the hands of dictators and terrorists.
With headlines swirling about the Islamic State's use of social media to recruit people from across the globe -- sometimes mobilizing them to kill on ISIS' behalf -- we're left with a challenge: How do we in the democratic world prevent terrorists from capitalizing on the Internet without compromising our own freedom?
--> -->

The victims will include many law-abiding peaceful people who have every right to express themselves but whose activities happen to be unpopular, misunderstood or offensive to powerful institutions.
This will be excellent news for regimes in Egypt, Turkey and elsewhere that already use broadly worded anti-terror laws to jail journalists and activists. Social media's power as a tool for journalists hoping to expose injustice and for activists trying to build movements will corrode.
The Arab Spring may have failed in most countries. But if the rights of social media users are not protected and respected, the next movement could be deleted before the world ever learns about it.






Continue reading

The new Suez Canal Egypt

0 التعليقات


Egypt has opened a major expansion of the New Suez Canal, which deepens the main waterway and provides ships with a 35km (22 mile) channel parallel to it.
At the inauguration, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi welcomed foreign leaders aboard a historic yacht as helicopters and fighter jets flew by.
http://www.sczone.com.eg/English/news/Pages/Suez-Canal-Development-Project-cost-to-hit-$15bn.aspx
The expansion aims to increase the traffic handled by the canal.

Egypt's government hopes the revenues will revive the economy - but analysts have questioned the projections.
They point out that the volume of world trade has not been growing at the pace needed to deliver the sums Egypt hopes to collect.
Egyptians commenting to the international press and on Twitter appear divided over the project, with many asking if the $8.2bn (£5.3bn) spent on the expansion could have been better deployed on improving infrastructure and public services.









Continue reading

New Horizons Pluto

0 التعليقات
New Horizons






Pluto Discovery Image
Date: 18 Feb 1930
Copy of sections of the original glass plates on which Pluto was discovered. The arrows show Pluto's movement against the background stars. Clyde Tombaugh discovered the icy world by blinking the plates back and forth on a machine called a blink comparator.
Note: This image is property of the Lowell Observatory Archives. Any public use requires written permission of the Lowell Observatory Archives.
Credit: Lowell Observatory Archives



Pluto shows its spots to Nasa probe







The science team on the American New Horizons mission to Pluto has released two colour views of the dwarf planet and its biggest moon, Charon.


They were made by combining pictures from the probe’s high-resolution, “black and white” camera, Lorri, and its lower-resolution, colour imager known as Ralph.


The difference in hue between Pluto and Charon is clear.
But what catches the eye are four dark spots on the 2,300km-wide dwarf planet.
Each spot is about 500km across. Quite why they should be so similar in size and spacing is not clear.
Their dominant placing is on the hemisphere that New Horizons will not see during its close flyby on 14 July.

However, there should be ample opportunity to study them in the days leading up to the encounter.
“It’s a real puzzle - we don’t know what the spots are, and we can’t wait to find out,” said New Horizons principal investigator, Alan Stern, of the Southwest Research Institute.
“Also puzzling is the longstanding and dramatic difference in the colours and appearance of Pluto compared to its darker and greyer moon Charon.”

If, as scientists think, Pluto and Charon are the products of a collision between two primitive bodies in the early Solar System, one might expect them to look more similar.
New Horizon’s flyby data will hopefully provide the answer.
The US space agency (Nasa) mission is now closing in on Pluto and its five moons.
The moment of closest approach on the 14th will take place at 11:49 GMT, when the probe is just 12,500km above the surface.



It is moving too fast - at 13.7km/s - to go into orbit, and it will simply scream past the dwarf and its satellites, gathering as much data as it can.
No pictures will be sent back to Earth on the day itself; the spacecraft will be too busy executing its pre-programmed observation campaign.
Instead, the first images from the flyby should be presented on the following day, on 15 July.
Controllers have decided not to alter the course of the probe.
They had been looking for icy debris in the vicinity of Pluto that might pose a collision hazard, but could find nothing obvious.
New Horizons was commanded to make a thruster burn earlier this week, to speed it up ever so slightly.
This will ensure the spacecraft reaches a precise point in space and time to carry out the pre-programmed observation sequence.
The probe must spin around to take pictures of all the different targets, and if its navigation is off by even a small amount it will be looking in the wrong direction at the critical moment.
On Thursday, New Horizons was just under 15 million km from Pluto, but 4.7 billion km from Earth.
The vast distance to the probe's home world means a radio signal takes about 4.5 hours from sending to receipt.





Continue reading

#WikiLeaks publishes the #SaudiCables ويكليكس السعودية

0 التعليقات

WikiLeaks publishes the Saudi Cables






































Today, Friday 19th June at 1pm GMT, WikiLeaks began publishing The Saudi Cables: more than half a million cables and other documents from the Saudi Foreign Ministry that contain secret communications from various Saudi Embassies around the world. The publication includes "Top Secret" reports from other Saudi State institutions, including the Ministry of Interior and the Kingdom's General Intelligence Services. The massive cache of data also contains a large number of email communications between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and foreign entities. The Saudi Cables are being published in tranches of tens of thousands of documents at a time over the coming weeks. Today WikiLeaks is releasing around 70,000 documents from the trove as the first tranche.
Julian Assange, WikiLeaks publisher, said: "The Saudi Cables lift the lid on a increasingly erratic and secretive dictatorship that has not only celebrated its 100th beheading this year, but which has also become a menace to its neighbours and itself."
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a hereditary dictatorship bordering the Persian Gulf. Despite the Kingdom's infamous human rights record, Saudi Arabia remains a top-tier ally of the United States and the United Kingdom in the Middle East, largely owing to its globally unrivalled oil reserves. The Kingdom frequently tops the list of oil-producing countries, which has given the Kingdom disproportionate influence in international affairs. Each year it pushes billions of petro-dollars into the pockets of UK banks and US arms companies. Last year it became the largest arms importer in the world, eclipsing China, India and the combined countries of Western Europe. The Kingdom has since the 1960s played a major role in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) and dominates the global Islamic charity market.
For 40 years the Kingdom's Ministry of Foreign Affairs was headed by one man: Saud al Faisal bin Abdulaziz, a member of the Saudi royal family, and the world's longest-serving foreign minister. The end of Saud al Faisal's tenure, which began in 1975, coincided with the royal succession upon the death of King Abdullah in January 2015. Saud al Faisal's tenure over the Ministry covered its handling of key events and issues in the foreign relations of Saudi Arabia, from the fall of the Shah and the second Oil Crisis to the September 11 attacks and its ongoing proxy war against Iran. The Saudi Cables provide key insights into the Kingdom's operations and how it has managed its alliances and consolidated its position as a regional Middle East superpower, including through bribing and co-opting key individuals and institutions. The cables also illustrate the highly centralised bureaucratic structure of the Kingdom, where even the most minute issues are addressed by the most senior officials.
Since late March 2015 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been involved in a war in neighbouring Yemen. The Saudi Foreign Ministry in May 2015 admitted to a breach of its computer networks. Responsibility for the breach was attributed to a group calling itself the Yemeni Cyber Army. The group subsequently released a number of valuable "sample" document sets from the breach on file-sharing sites, which then fell under censorship attacks. The full WikiLeaks trove comprises thousands of times the number of documents and includes hundreds of thousands of pages of scanned images of Arabic text. In a major journalistic research effort, WikiLeaks has extracted the text from these images and placed them into our searchable database. The trove also includes tens of thousands of text files and spreadsheets as well as email messages, which have been made searchable through the WikiLeaks search engine.
By coincidence, the Saudi Cables release also marks two other events. Today marks three yearssince WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange entered the Ecuadorian Embassy in London seeking asylum from US persecution, having been held for almost five years without charge in the United Kingdom. Also today Google revealed that it had been been forced to hand over more data to the US government in order to assist the prosecution of WikiLeaks staff under US espionage charges arising from our publication of US diplomatic cables.





نقلت بي بي سي نبأ إعلان ويكيليكس أنها ستنشر أكثر من نصف مليون وثيقة مسربة من السعودية يعتقد أن اختراق الحوثيين 
 لمواقع سعودية رسمية هو مصدرها.


ونشر موقع ويكيليكس مساء الجمعة قرابة 60 ألف برقية دبلوماسية يزعم إنها مسربة من وثائق المؤسسات الدبلوماسية السعودية.
وأشار الموقع في بيان أصدره أنه بصدد نشر أكثر من 500 ألف من وثائق الدبلوماسية السعودية على الانترنت، الخطوة التي تذكر بالتسريبات الكبيرة التي نشرها الموقع من برقيات وزارة الخارجية الأمريكية في عام 2010.


ولا توجد وسيلة مباشرة حتى الآن للتحقق من صحة هذه الوثائق، على الرغم من أن الموقع عرف بتاريخه الطويل في الحصول على تسريبات وثائق حكومية من بلدان أخرى وعلى نطاق واسع.
وتحمل الوثائق، التي عرضها الموقع باللغة العربية، في أعلاها شعارات وعناوين مثل "المملكة العربية السعودية" أو "وزارة الخارجية" ، حمل بعضها صفات "عاجل" أو "سري". وحملت واحدة من هذه الوثائق المنشورة، على الأقل، عنوان السفارة السعودية في واشنطن.

وتقول وكالة أسوشييتد برس أنها فحصت العديد من هذه الوثائق وهي نتاج عمل إداري روتيني، وهي وثائق مرسلة عبر الإيميل أو الفاكس، وإن المتحدث باسم ويكيليكس كريستن هرافنسن يقول إنه واثق من صحة هذه الوثائق. على الرغم من الوكالة لم تتمكن من التحقق من ذلك من مصدر مستقل.
ولم يتضح بعد كيف حصل الموقع على هذه الوثائق، على الرغم من أنه أشار في بيانه إلى هجوم إلكتروني مؤخرا على وزارة الخارجية السعودية، شنته مجموعة تطلق على نفسها اسم الجيش اليمني الإلكتروني.
وقد رفض المتحدث باسم الموقع توضيح ما ورد في البيان في هذا الشأن أو القول بأن قراصنة إلكترونيين هم من سربوا هذه الوثائق الى الموقع. وكان الحوثيون قد زعموا الشهر الماضي أنهم اخترقوا مواقع الخارجية السعودية واستولوا على آلاف الوثائق حسب زعمهم.
ومن الوثائق المزعومة طلب لمساعدة زعيم الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية سمير جعجع وغيرها من الوثائق المزعومة.
من جانبها، حذرت وزارة الخارجية السعودية المواطنين من تجنب الدخول إلى أي موقع بغرض الحصول على وثائق أو معلومات مسربة قد تكون غير صحيحة بقصد الإضرار بأمن الوطن.
ونشرت الوزارة عبر حسابها على «تويتر»، صباح السبت، «عزيزي المواطن_الواعي: تجنب الدخول إلى أي موقع بغرض الحصول على وثائق أو معلومات مسربة قد تكون غير صحيحة، بقصد الإضرار بأمن الوطن».ة.
وأضافت «عزيزي المواطن_الواعي:لا تنشر أي وثائق قد تكون مزورة تساعد أعداء الوطن في تحقيق غاياتهم».







 



Buying Silence: How the Saudi Foreign Ministry controls Arab media





 https://wikileaks.org/saudi-cables/
http://arabic.arabianbusiness.com/business/media-marketing/2015/jun/20/390321/#.VYV1Zomqqkr

Continue reading

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

ShareThis