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Hajj explained: your simple guide to Islam’s annual pilgrimage
Millions of Muslims this week flock to Islam’s holiest city of Makkah to perform the annual hajj pilgrimage.
Being the fifth pillar of Islam, hajj or the act of making a pilgrimage is a mandatory religious duty for Muslims.
Adult Muslims are required to perform hajj at least once in lifetime if they have the physical and financial ability.
In it, pilgrims follow the footsteps of Prophet Ibrahim and his family, said Ridwan al-Sayed, professor of Islamic studies at the Lebanese University in Beirut.
“Prophet Ibrahim preached the oneness of allha , a message that was later revived and renewed by the last of all Prophets, Muhammad (peace be upon him),”
“Ibrahim, along with his son Ismail built the Kaaba in the holy city of Makkah. And accordingly, this pillar reflects the notion of complete submission to Allah and the Abrahamic faith.”
For many pilgrims, hajj is perceived to be a journey of the body and the soul at the same time.
The first day of hajj is 8 Zil Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic calendar. The holy journey requires the pilgrim to perform ten rituals before and during hajj.
Here are the basic steps you may want to know about hajj:
State of Ihram: This is considered the first step for any pilgrim wishing to perform hajj. To enter the state of Ihram, a pilgrim has to recite an intention to perform hajj called the Talabiya. This is when a pilgrim prepares one’s soul, mind and body for journey to the Almighty God. Entering the stage begins from the Miqat, or a place that is outside the pilgrimage area.
Men and women going on hajj adhere to a specific dress code which is aimed at showing modesty and shedding all signs of wealth. Men don unstitched white garments, while women wear normal stitched clothes and a headscarf. Women are forbidden however from wearing the burqa or niqab.
In fact, the word Ihram originates from the Arabic term Tahreem, which means prohibited. Because the state is believed to have a special essence of spiritual purity, there are certain acts that are not allowed for pilgrims. Among them are using perfumes, cutting hair or nails, and slaughtering animals.
Makkah: The Saudi Arabian city is considered Islam’s holiest site, as it holds al-Masjid al-Haram or the Grand Mosque that surrounds the Kaaba, a cuboid shaped building which Muslims believe has been put up together by Prophet Ibrahim and his son Ismail almost 4, 000 years ago.
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A 37-year-old Muslim woman from Vienna has complained to police after being attacked by a woman whilst travelling on Vienna’s metro.
She believes that the woman, who hit her in the face, did so because she was wearing a headscarf. Police said they believed the attacker was “disturbed”.
Zeliha Cicek is the third Muslim to have been assaulted in Vienna in the last month.
Cicek, a school teacher and mother of three children, is ethnically Turkish. She said she was talking to her sister on an U3 underground train on her mobile phone when the woman started shouting at her in English. “I calmly told her she could speak to me in German and suddenly she stood up and slapped me in the face. I dropped my phone and it broke, I was so shocked,” she said.
An English man came to Cicek’s aid but the angry woman scratched his face. She got out of the train at Stephansplatz – and despite Cicek screaming that she had attacked her the woman was able to flee without being stopped.
Cicek told the Kurier newspaper that she didn’t believe that the woman was drunk or mad. “The English man also thought that she had a problem with me wearing the headscarf,” she said.
In August two elderly Muslim ladies wearing headscarves were attacked in Favoritenstraße. Police were reportedly slow to respond to this incident, and only began questioning suspects days after.
Austria’s Islamic Religious Community Association said that Muslims often experience discrimination in Austria but that “it is not well documented”. Spokeswoman Carla Amina Baghajati said that the association plans to start collecting data on all religiously motivated incidents. However, she said she did not believe that the police lacked sensitivity to the issue.
Interior Minister Johanna Mikl-Leitner again warned against the “spread of hatred and incitement by populists. They become complicit when it comes to attacks on innocent people.”
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old makkah 1930
form 1930 to 2014
old azzan in makkah
Secret of Makkah
1. Makkah is the area that has the most stable gravity.
2. High gravitational pressure, and that's where the voices berpusatnya
construct that can not be heard by the ear.
3. Gravity high pressure direct impact on the immune system
as the defense of any disease.4. high gravity = electron negative ions gathered in situ high. Negative ions are
ions that are beneficial to the human body.
5. What is intended in the liver is an echo that can not be heard but can
detected frequency. Effect of electron causes internal power back
high, full of the spirit to worship, no desperate nature, willing
continue to live, complete submission to God.
6. Radio waves can not detect the position of the Kaaba.
7. Even satellite technology could not see through what is inside
Kaaba. Radio frequency may not be able to read what is on the inside
because of high gravitational pressure.
8. The most high-pressure gravity, has a salt content and
river flows in underground lot. Because if it was the prayer in
Mosque although in the open without a roof still cold.
9. Kaaba is not just a building but a black rectangle magical place
because there centralized energy, gravity, magnetism zone zero and place
10. Sleep with the position facing the Ka'bah will automatically midbrain
aroused very active up to the spine and produce blood cells.11. Movement around the Kaaba toward the opponent at providing energy for life
nature of the universe. everything in nature moves according opponent hour,
God has determined the legal way.
12. Circulatory or anything in the human body against the direction of the clock. Precisely
with surrounding Ka against clockwise direction, meaning the blood circulation in the
increased body and certainly will add to the energy. That is why people who
Mecca is always vigorous, healthy and long life.
13. Number seven is a symbol to many terhinggaan not. The number seven means
not limited or too much. By doing seven rounds
we actually got worship that are unlimited.
14. Bans wearing hats, skull cap or cover their heads in hair and fur
roma (man) is like an antenna to receive a good wave
emitted directly from the Kaaba. Because it was after our pilgrimage
such as the reborn as a new person because bad things have
withdrawn and replaced with the new nur or light.
15. After completion of all the new or Tahalul was shaved. The goal is to
break away from the restrictions and prohibitions of Ihram. But the secret in
Behind it all is to clean up our antennas or receptors of all
dirtiness that only a good wave will only be accepted by the body.
Subhaan Allah.. see u soon al-haram... in shaa Allah
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Sketch of the Ka’bah and Sections Related tothe Hajji
Inside the Kaaba
1. The Black Stone
Start and finish your Tawaf at the Black Stone. The Holy Prophet says that he who does Tawaf of the House at noon with his head bare, bare‑foot, making his steps short, closing his eyes (overlooking, disregarding others) and touching the Black Stone in every round he makes, without hurting anyone nor cutting short his praise and glorifying of Allah, will be rewarded for each step he makes with seventy thousand good deeds. Seventy thousand of his evils will be wiped off; his rank will be increased by seventy thousand grades; he will be given the reward as if seventy thousand slaves, each whose price is ten thousand dirhams were freed on his behalf; seventy of his family members would be cured of any sickness, and seventy thousand of his needs would be granted ‑sooner or later.
The Holy Prophet (s) said: “Touch the corner (in which the Black Stone rests) for it is the right hand of Allah amongst his creation with which he greets His servants a greeting of a slave (or man). It will be witness to the loyal. “
It is recommended to kiss it, if not possible touch it; and if not possible then to point at it (make a gesture).
2. Maqam Ibrahim
Allah says: “Appoint for yourselves a place for prayer on the standing place of Ibrahim. “ It is enough to note that the preference of this place is symbolized by bearing the name of this great Prophet. His rank is one of the most perfect due to the fact that he spent the whole of his life, his family's and the whole of his wealth for the sake of Tawhid and keeping firm Allah's signs by building the Ka'bah at the centre of His House.
3. Hijr Isma’il
This is his (Isma`il's) house. He and his mother were buried in there. Halabi narrates from Imam as‑Sadiq (as) saying: ` I asked him concerning Hijr Isma`il and said: You call it the smashed (smasher) but it was for Isma `il's sheep (and goats). His mother was buried in there and denied access to anyone, for he did not like it to be walked on. “ Other Prophets are buried in this place also.
Imam al‑Baqir (as) said: “The place (around) between the Rukn (corner) and the Maqam is full of graves of Prophets” Imam Sadiq (as) says that seventy prophets were buried between Rukn al Aimani and Hajar al‑Aswad. As such, when at this place, you should perform the Ziyarat of Isma'il , his mother and the prophets
It is recommended to put on Ihram of Hajj at‑Tamattu` at the Hijr facing Mizab al‑Rahmah which is a place of supplication and asking for Allah's Mercy.
4. Mizab ar‑Rahmah
It is recommended to face the Mizab and supplicate as narrated by `Ayyub from Imam Musa ibn Ja'far (as) which can be found in the various books of supplication related to the Hajj.
This is the remaining part at the foundation of the House's wall.
The place which is opposite the Ka'bah is called Mustajar, Mutawwadh or Multazam. There are many traditions in preference of the place. Imam 'Ali (as) says: “Confess in recognition of the sins you recall at Multazam.”
It is narrated that he who does this and repents for all his sins, Allah will definitely forgive him. In one of the books, it is said that at Multazam, Imam Sadiq (as) used to tell his companions to give him time that he could confess and disclose his “sins” to his Lord saying that the place was of a very high spiritual preference.
In another tradition it is said that when Prophet Adam (as) was at this place, the Angel Jibra'il told him to disclose his “sins” to the Lord. Prophet Adam (as) did so and his “sins” were forgiven. Prophet Adam (as) then asked Him to forgive his son(s) (or his descendants) for their sins. Allah answered back saying that He could only forgive those who went and repented at that spot.
It is recommended for one in his seventh round or after Tawaf to spread out his hands, touch, and let his body and cheek touch the House and recite the supplications that Imam Sadiq (as) used to recite in this place.
This is the place between the door of the Holy Ka'bah and Hajar al-Aswad. It is one of the holy places and it is upon one to ask for forgiveness at this place. He should pray, supplicate and cling to the curtains of the Ka'bah for at this place, great and major sins are completely destroyed and smashed. This is the reason of calling the place by this name smasher. In other traditions it is said that it is the place where Adam (as) was forgiven of his sins.
8. Al‑Rukn al‑Aimani
The place opposite the Black stone behind the House is the one is called al‑Rukn al‑Aimani (the right‑hand side corner). There are many traditions that have been narrated in preference of this place to an extent that perplexes and boggles the mind. The Holy Prophet said: “Whenever I come to at this point I find that Jibra'il is already there before me. “
Imam Ja'far (as) said: “The Rukn al‑Aimana is our gate to paradise. “
He also said: “In this place, is one of the doors of paradise that has never been closed since it was opened. There is a river from paradise in which deeds of the servants are dropped. “ He continued by saying: “There is an angel who has been stationed at this point since the creation of the heavens and the earth whose duty is nothing other than to take care of your supplications. As such one must be careful with what he is saying. One should make use of his presence at this holy place as Possible and should not waste time doing things that are of less importance.”
9. Al‑Rukn al‑Iraf
This corner is named as such since it faces towards Iraq ‑ south east.
10. Al‑Rukn al‑Shamh
It is recommended to touch all the corners according to the narration from Jamil bin Salih that he saw Imam Sadiq (as) touching them all.
All the same, it is stressed to touch Rukn al‑Aimani and the corner where the Black Stone rests. It is understood from traditions that the Holy Prophet; used to touch them all. Of course, all this depends on the fact that you don't disturb other people around you otherwise the recommended act loses authenticity and if anything it could even be haram (forbidden).
The Rukn al‑Sharqi (Eastern Corner) is where the Black stone rests while Rukn ash‑Shimali (Northern Corner) is the one which comes after the Holy Ka'bah's door before reaching Hijr Isma'il. It is well known as Rukn al‑Iraqi (it is also called Rukn ash‑Shami).
Rukn al‑Gharbi (Western Corner) is the one that comes after Hijr Isma'il (also called Rukn ash‑Shami). Rukn al‑Junubi (Southern Corner) is the one that comes before the Black Stone corner (also known as Rukn al‑Aimani).